History

Ma Tigrin Della Sassetta, - faccia ed anima cattiva, - trasse a corsa pe' capelli - un lucchese che fuggiva - e la spada per le reni una volta e due gli fisse - tinse il dito entro quel sangue - su la porta così scrisse: - manda a te Bonturo Dati - che i Lucchesi hai consigliati - da la porta a San Friano - questo saluto il popolo pisano. Così Giosuè Carducci conclude la sua Faida di Comune.

Tigrino of Orlandi from Sassetta is not a historical character; Carducci has imagined with that name a Lord from Pisa which would have participated, in tow of Uguccine della Faggiola, at the siege of Lucca in 1314, the protagonist of the grim episode sang from the Poet. Carducci chosen, not randomly, the name of a man from Sassetta for his grim warrior: all along, Sassetta, is famous for “real nest of birds of prey, inhabited by men who used to fight and became rough because of bitterness of the place, from the dense forests surrounding and from the safety of their castle, proud and bloody men”, how has been defined from the historian Enrico Lombardi. The poet remained particularly impressed by the tragic end of Don Giovanni Bertinelli, his professor in Bolgheri, murdered, they say, for revenge of his servant from Sassetta. Named Cagnerino.



Cagnerino the poacher, Cagnerino from “the beard became white but the soul left black”, Cagnerino very famous in Sassetta that it turned out to be a figure of speech: You are like Cagnerino! Indicates who never forget and never forgive. Sassetta, according to the historian from Volterra Curzio Inghirami, was founded by Guiscardo Lambardi, a powerful citizen of Volterra who contented the Tuscan Marquisate against Tebaldo di Canossa (the father of the very famous Matilde); but the “Camerotto” where Inghirami demanded to have informations turned to be false, compiled by Inghirami it self, who was pursuing his drawing designed to glorify Volterra, and make it appear as an element of main value in the Italian history. His cleverness was so good that the other scientists took it for real for almost two century.



Indeed, the Della Sassetta, historically, the first gents of the castle, they were a powerful branch of the family from Pisa “Orlandi-Pellari”; the leading lights were: Pannocchia, who in 1252 assaulted and destroyed the Abbey of San Pietro in Palazzuolo of Monteverdi- territory of the enemy Volterra- and then died crusader in Terrasanta. Iacopo, knight and captain of the Milizia Fiorentina in 1475; and Ranieri, who attended at the insurrection of Pisa in 1494, and which is why in 1516 was exiled from Florence, and lost his fief, until the death sentence by beheading in August 1520.
After the exile of Orlandi, the fief of Sassetta was assigned to few gents; in this period, because of the changes and likely also for the little attention and care of the feudal lords, the community of Sassetta lived one of its moment of maximum discomfort: Grazia of Montalvo informed us that in her memory there was “who had lot of chestnut to fatten a pig was called rich”.

Lastly, on the October 19th 1563, the fief was granted to Antonio Ramirez from Montalvo, a noble Spanish, and to his descendants in perpetuity. The Ramirez from Montalvo kept the lordship of Sassetta until the abolition of the fiefdoms, in the second middle of the century XVIII, taking the title of Marquesas and enjoying all of the rights of patronage on the Parish Church. Antonio Ramirez from Montalvo, as we can read on both the commemorative plaques, still existing, edified, on the rest of the Orlandi’s Castle, the Palace which to this days still dominates the residential area of Sassetta. In realtà, I Della Sassetta, storicamente i primi Signori del castello, furono un ramo della potente famiglia pisana degli Orlandi-Pellari; i maggiori esponenti ne furono: Pannocchia, che nel 1252 assalì e distrusse l'Abbazia di San Pietro in Palazzuolo di Monteverdi -territorio della nemica Volterra-, e morì poi crociato in Terrasanta; Iacopo, Cavaliere e Capitano della Milizia Fiorentina nel 1475; e Ranieri, che partecipò all'insurrezione pisana del 1494, e per questo nel 1516 fu esiliato da Firenze, e perse il feudo, fino a subire la condanna a morte per decapitazione nell’agosto del 1520.



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